So much emphasis is placed on what’s best for big business and government in SA when we speak of the country’s growth prospects that it presents a rather one-sided picture of the state of the economy.
Stats SA’s figures are flattering to what is a deep structural unemployment problem in the country. While we often expect the big industrial and mining giants or worse yet an already stretched public sector to take up the slack and employ more South Africans, it’s in the small business segment that there’s greater promise of employment creation.
This is where big business and government can play a big role in improving their environment to enough of a degree so that they can be the employment centres of the future.
As part of our role in the social compact with government, labour and civil society, Business Leadership SA has teamed up with other leading business organisations in a campaign to ensure that our members pay small businesses on time and contribute to greasing the wheels of the economy.
A survey by Xero, which provides cloud services to small and medium enterprises (SMEs), of 400 small business owners and 200 accountants, found that 91% of SMEs are owed money outside their payment terms, on average 18 days late in any month. For companies of less than 10 employees, the average quantum outstanding was R93,000, and for companies with 100-250 employees it was almost R114,000. The survey found financial services and automotive sectors were worst at paying on time.
A study by another software solutions company, Sage, conducted three years ago, found that SA SMEs lose about 20 days in chasing payments — compared with an average of four days in Australia. SA was the highest of the countries tracked, a sobering reflection of the amount of time lost in productivity as well as the pressures that small businesses face.
A TransUnion survey in July of 1,500 SA businesses found that 50% were extremely concerned and 25% very concerned about their ability to meet their payment obligations. Over the next 12 months about 60% were unable to pay staff in full, 44% were unable to pay rent in full and 41% were unable to pay owner/shareholder salaries in full.
There are a number of reasons for late payments, ranging from bureaucracy and SMEs not completing their invoices properly. But no matter the reasons, big business along with government need to steady the foundations of a small business sector that is so important not only to job creation, but to economic growth. In the UK the Federation of Small Businesses says tackling late payments could add a potential £2.5bn to the national economy, valued at just over £2-trillion.
According to a McKinsey report, many countries have tried multiple interventions to address late payment challenges — through legislation and automated processes and even public reporting.
We have to find our own mechanisms to deal with our challenge of late payments. As we look to stage a recovery from the economic devastation caused by Covid-19, in support of President Cyril Ramaphosa’s plans, as big business we can certainly play a part in freeing the constraints to growth on small business.
This is a matter of urgency as the state, with its fiscal limitations, remains constrained in what it can do to stimulate the economy. However, the stimulatory effect in ensuring that whatever spend emerges from the public and private sectors feeds through to small business much faster comes at no fiscal cost to the state. That is incredibly important in this environment and we urge government to move fast to facilitate this.
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